In 1920, British Columbia voted to be « wet. » The following year, some alcoholic beverages were sold there legally and in Yukon through Crown-owned stores. Manitoba introduced a system of state sales and control of alcohol in 1923, followed by Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1924; Newfoundland, 1925; Ontario and New Brunswick in 1927; and Nova Scotia in 1930. The last stronghold, Prince Edward Island, finally abandoned the « noble experiment » in 1948. Local option drought nests continued for years throughout the country. In Canada, there is no state-defined age for the legal purchase or consumption of alcohol. Each province and territory can set its own minimum drinking age. The legal age to buy is: Nevertheless, there may be a positive result. When regulators take Attorney General David Eby at his word when legal access to a legal product is illegal, something has to change. And that`s the law. The only way to legally transport a bottle of wine from one province to another — or from another country to Canada — is to get permission from the provincial alcohol control board.
Mulligan says this is an inconvenience for consumers and a barrier for winemakers hoping to expand their customer base. Under the Canadian Constitution, the responsibility for making laws and regulations relating to the sale and distribution of alcoholic beverages in Canada rests solely with the ten provinces. The three Canadian territories have also been granted similar autonomy in these matters under the provisions of federal legislation. Canada`s Aboriginal peoples were subject to liquor prohibition laws under the Indian Act of 1876.  This was an attempt by the Canadian government to facilitate assimilation, because in order for an Aboriginal person to possess alcohol, he or she had to become a Canadian citizen by virtue of the right to vote, and in order to have the right to vote, Aboriginal peoples had to be sobriety.  The laws also reflected a common misconception among North Americans that Indigenous peoples were more prone to alcohol addiction, known as the « firewater myth. »  The liquor sections of the Indian Act were not repealed for over a hundred years, until 1985.  Prohibition was primarily stimulated by the organized crusades against social evil launched by the temperance movement. They targeted drinking establishments, which they saw as a source of social ills and misery. Initially, the temperance movement in Canada, which began in the 1820s, focused primarily on heavy alcohol consumption, while beer, wine, and cider were not considered a significant problem. However, in the 1840s, total abstinence societies were the norm and all alcoholic beverages, including those containing less alcohol, were considered dangerous.
 Inspired by the Maine Act of 1851, which provided for a legal prohibition in the state of Maine, the temperance movement in Canada moved towards the strategy of legal coercion to advance the cause of sobriety.  In May 2022, the hamlet of Kugluktuk voted to limit alcohol sales again. A total of 287 votes were cast. This corresponded to 38% of the municipality`s electorate, whose total population is about 1,400. Sixty percent of those voters opted for restrictions, exceeding the 60 percent threshold required for change.  Prohibition in Canada is the result of the temperance movement. He called for moderation or total abstinence from alcohol, based on the belief that alcohol consumption was responsible for many of society`s ills. The Canada Temperance Act (Scott`s Law) of 1878 gave local governments the « local possibility » to prohibit the sale of alcohol. Prohibition was first enacted provincially in Prince Edward Island in 1901. It became law in the rest of the provinces as well as in Yukon and Newfoundland during the First World War. The alcohol could be legally produced in Canada (but not sold there) and legally exported from Canadian ports. Most provincial laws were repealed in the 1920s.
Prince Edward Island was the last to abandon the « noble experiment » in 1948. The original mandate of the Liquor Navigation Act was moral, Hicken says, but it has evolved into a financial consideration. Alcohollaws.ca is designed to help liquor manufacturers, agents and other related businesses find regulatory information on Canada`s alcohol retail and distribution systems. Prohibition in Canada was a ban on alcoholic beverages that emerged in various phases, from local municipal bans in the late 19th century (in some cases to the present) to provincial bans in the early 20th century, and national bans (a temporary war measure) from 1918 to 1920. The relatively large and powerful beer and liquor industry, and the huge working class that bought their products, could not persuade any of the governments to change their position on prohibition.  Most provinces lifted their bans in the 1920s, although alcohol was illegal in Prince Edward Island from 1901 to 1948. In comparison, the Ontario Temperance Act was in effect from 1916 to 1927.  In 2022, Raymond considered allowing the sale of alcohol. « In June 2020, the province removed the last vestiges of the Prohibition Act and when that happened, Raymond went from a prohibited community to an unlicensed community, » said Kurtis Pratt, Executive Director of Raymond.  In Canada, each province and territory defines the legal drinking age. It regulates who is allowed to buy, possess, consume and supply alcohol.
Canada`s alcohol laws have a significant impact on alcohol-related harms among adolescents. For more information, see The Impact and Effectiveness of Drinking Age Legislation in Canada. The consumption of alcohol in public places is generally prohibited, regardless of the time (in some provinces and territories, this is not yet enforced), unless a permit has been obtained from the appropriate municipal authorities. In Quebec, the consumption of low-alcohol beverages is permitted in public if they are accompanied by food. All provinces and territories prohibit drinking and driving, with Ontario and Quebec also prohibiting the possession of open, non-empty containers in stationary vehicles. We know that the police in Canada are very discreet in public consumption because of the extent of public unrest. Although law enforcement has been difficult, drunkenness and related crimes have decreased significantly. However, illegal stills and home-brewed « moonlight » have proliferated.